カテゴリ:SIM音読用英文( 206 )

No.344 SIM音読用英文

Tutoring Students Might Lower Dementia Risk in Older Americans

Chaniya Anderson is a second grader         

at Whittier Elementary School in Washington.

She's a little behind

in math and reading.

She gets one-on-one tutoring twice a week

from 62-year-old volunteer Shirley Mickel.

"I really love it.

It gives me an opportunity

to give back.

It's my way of giving back.

And also, it helps me to stay alert

and stay involved with children.

I love children.

I love to see them learn."

Mickel retired from federal government

as an employment discrimination investigator.

Gloria Pendleton worked for the U.S. Navy

as a computer systems programmer.

She also tutors students at Whittier.

"I feel much better.

I feel like I'm learning.

So I'm constantly trying to learn

along with the children."

Mickel and Pendleton are members

of Experience Corps,

a national program

that engages people over 55

in helping students of low-income families.

Experience Corps' 2000 volunteers

tutor and mentor elementary students

in 23 cities across the country.

Recent research

at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland

indicates that the volunteers do benefit

from their efforts.

Michelle Carlson is the associate director     

of the Center on Aging and Health at Johns Hopkins.

"By volunteering

through this particular program, Experience Corps,

what it may be showing preliminary

is that volunteering and exercising your brain

to help problem solving and to help children read

may actually be improving

areas of the brain

such as frontal lobes.

And, by improving these parts of the brain,

we may be reducing the risk for dementia

such as the most common form of dementia

being Alzheimer's disease."

Carlson says that older adults are growing in numbers around the world,

and there are mutual benefits

to pairing them with children

who need help.

"The beauty of it

is that we are not asking you to take a pill.

We are asking you to get back, you know, to engage

with...uh, with…, with other people in need,

so that at the same time that you are helping others,

you are helping yourself."

The volunteers say they feel rewarded

by looking at children and seeing them grow,

and enjoy being able to contribute

and being part of the community.

For Producer June Soh, I’m Carol Pearson, VOA News.
by danueno | 2010-06-10 10:02 | SIM音読用英文

No.343 SIM音読用英文

Astronauts to Aquanauts; NASA Conducts Experiments on Sea Floor
Canadian Space Agency astronaut Chris Hadfield

has spent most of the past two weeks

about 19 meters below the waves

off the Florida coast.

He is leading a two-week NASA mission

aboard the Aquarius Underwater Laboratory,

which is run by the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric

Hadfield's team includes a NASA astronaut,

an undersea engineer and a scientist.

They live inside Aquarius,

and they run experiments in the lab

and explore the blue depths

outside the porthole windows.

"When I was working outside here

over the last couple of weeks,

I would suddenly notice where I am

while I'm working.

I'm busy working on some part of a space suit design,

and then an angel fish goes by

or a ray scuttles across the bottom of the ocean,

and it reminds me

of the comfort level I've gotten to

and the amazing difference of where I am."

Hadfield is on the sea floor

inside the Aquarius underwater habitat's 122 square meters
of living and working space.

It is anchored next to a coral reef,

five and a half kilometers off Key Largo

in the Florida Keys.

But even on the ocean floor,

Aquarius is visible on the World Wide Web.

Commander Hadfield can be seen

via webcam on NASA's web site.

He stands in a narrow white room

with stainless steel equipment

as he speaks to reporters

using something that looks akin to a cordless phone.

It is the round window

that looks out into the pale blue water

that provides the biggest clue

to Hadfield's whereabouts.

The view might be serene,

but the undersea environment is potentially deadly to humans,

just as space is.

Hadfield would know.

He has completed two spacewalks

in his 18 years as an astronaut,

and he says there are similarities

between working in space and in the sea.

"They are remarkably similar.

You are wearing gear

to protect you from an environment

that would kill you.

Every breath is amplified

so you sound like Darth Vader

when you're out walking around out there."

By the time the 14-day mission wraps Monday,

the crew will have conducted a total of 52 so-called "space walks"

in the sea.

At the end of the mission

they will ascend to the water's surface

over the course of about 16 hours,

at a rate of roughly one meter per hour,

so their bodies can adjust

to the changes in pressure.

Suzanne Presto, VOA News, Washington
by danueno | 2010-06-02 14:34 | SIM音読用英文

No.342 SIM音読用英文

World Financial Markets Sharply Lower

For weeks, the Greek debt crisis has taxed investor optimism

while sapping strength from the Euro.

The global downward market trend accelerated Thursday

with two economic reports

that cast doubt

on the sustained vitality

of the U.S. economic recovery.

First, the Labor Department reported a spike

in the number of Americans filing for jobless benefits.

The number of newly laid off workers jumped unexpectedly

to 471,000 last week,

25,000 more than the previous week.

Economists have long assumed

that job creation would lag behind overall improvement

of economic conditions in the United States.

But another report has cast doubt

on the second part of that assumption.

After rising steadily for more than a year,

the index of leading economic indicators actually slipped

by 0.1 percent in April,

according to a private research group.

Six of 10 components of the index deteriorated,

including new home permit applications, jobless claims,

and factory materials deliveries.

The onslaught of worrisome news is creating an investor climate

similar to a brief panic

that erupted on May 6,

when the Dow Jones Industrial Average plunged          

by 1,000 points

before bouncing back later in the day.

The events of May 6 triggered an investigation

as to whether the feverish sell-off

stemmed from a computer glitch

or market manipulation.

But not everyone is panicked.

Charles Bobrinskoy of Chicago-based Ariel Investments.

"We remain cautiously optimistic

about the U.S. economy.

Uh, in fact the manufacturers

who are filling inventory levels

are telling us

that inventories were at unsustainably low levels,

and so business is better.

I think this is right now a case

of fear getting ahead of reality."

Markets in Paris and Frankfurt closed

down more than 2 percent.

London and Tokyo lost just over 1.5 percent on the day.

Wall Street's Dow Jones Industrial Average was down

more than 3 percent

in mid-day trading.

Michael Bowman, VOA News, Washington
by danueno | 2010-05-26 10:12 | SIM音読用英文

No.341 SIM音読用英文

Want to Live in a Work of Art?

If you ask Americans

to name a famous architect,

chances are they'll think first of Frank Lloyd Wright.

His minimalist buildings,

designed to blend with nature,

revolutionized architectural thinking.

Wright was born

on a Wisconsin farm in 1867,

two years after the end of the U.S. Civil War.

He would live to see

the Soviet Union send a Sputnik satellite into space.

Even before young Frankie was born,

his schoolteacher mother decided

that he would be an architect.

Bright and curious, the lad obliged

by arranging blocks and paper

in the shapes of simple buildings and furniture.

Wright apprenticed in Chicago

under the early designers

of modern skyscrapers.

Eventually he inherited his father's Wisconsin farm,

where he built

one of the world's most famous houses - Taliesin.

Wright called it

the supreme natural house

that blended so well into the surroundings

that it was hard to tell

where the floors left off and the ground began.

He incorporated what he called his Usonian style

into clients' low, flat homes

that were almost works of art.

Avoiding fancy Victorian flourishes,

Wright designed long rooms

with lots of right angles and shelves

that ran the length of the house.

His houses were not what you would call cozy.

Wright was an imaginative architect

but a terrible engineer.

Clients loved to show off their homes

but found the austere wooden furniture -

which was bolted in place and difficult to move -

as uncomfortable as park benches.

Floor-to-ceiling windows were drafty.

And worst of all, most of the roofs leaked.

Some of Wright's customers put up with it all

as a sacrifice for the sake of art and design.

Mildred Rosenbaum

in Florence, Alabama,

said she and her family

sometimes grew tired of living

in an architectural laboratory.

She joked that the kids might get up

in the middle of the night sometime

and unscrew the place!

I'm Ted Landphair.
by danueno | 2010-05-19 14:50 | SIM音読用英文

No.340 SIM音読用英文

Obama Visits Oil Imperiled U.S. Gulf Coast

A rain-soaked President Obama delivered a somber message

from a Coast Guard station

on Louisiana's threatened coastline.

"We're dealing

with a massive and potentially-unprecedented environmental disaster.

The oil that is still leaking from the well

could seriously damage the economy and the environment

of our Gulf states,

and it could extend for a long time.

It could jeopardize the livelihoods

of thousands of Americans

who call this place home."

Mr. Obama said that even while hoping for the best,

the federal government is prepared

for a worst case scenario,

if the spill from the underwater well continues.

He promised a full investigation of the disaster,

and said that petroleum giant BP will be held responsible

for the accident.

But for now, he said, there is work to be done.

"Every American

affected by this spill

should know this:

Your government will do

whatever it takes

for as long as it takes

to stop this crisis."

An explosion nearly two weeks ago

aboard the now-sunken oil rig

killed 11 workers.

The U.S. Coast Guard says

millions of liters of oil have since spilled

into the Gulf of Mexico.

The oil slick threatens ever-larger swaths

of the coastline,

placing sensitive marine ecosystems in peril.

If uncontained, experts say

oil could saturate beaches and marine habitats

as far away as Florida,

devastating fishing and tourism.

The disaster comes

as the Obama administration attempts to chart a course

toward U.S. energy independence and less reliance on fossil fuels.

President Obama endorsed more off-shore drilling

as part of a comprehensive strategy,

but he has since halted new drilling projects

until investigators determine the cause of the BP accident.

Michael Bowman, VOA News, Washington
by danueno | 2010-05-12 17:24 | SIM音読用英文

No.339 SIM音読用英文

American Colleges are Going Green

The nickname of sports teams

at Tulane University in New Orleans

is the Green Wave.

North Texas University's squads are the Mean Green.

Once called the Indians,

Dartmouth College's teams are now the Big Green.

Green is in

in college sports.

But there's an even bigger green wave

in the classroom.

Last year alone, colleges and universities across the country created

more than 100 major or minor programs

in energy, sustainability, environmental studies

and other so-called green subjects.

Two reasons for this:

Even in a tight economy,

green industries are offering good jobs

to graduates.

And students and their parents are pressuring colleges

to train them for these jobs.

So college architecture, agriculture, and engineering departments
are launching

green-studies programs

to do just that.

According to the USA Today newspaper,

the Obama Administration estimates

that opportunities in energy and environmental occupations will grow

by 52 percent by 2016,

compared to just a 14-percent increase in other fields.

Ten years ago at the University of California-Berkeley,

just 40 students enrolled

in an introductory class

on the subject of energy.

This year, 270 students are taking the class.

There are energy clubs on campus.

The one at Massachusetts Institute of Technology

has 1,700 members.

And at Arizona State University,

600 students have declared sustainability

as their major.

Not long ago, even top college students would likely have had trouble

defining sustainability.

Now, a lot of them are specializing in it.

I’m Ted Landphair.
by danueno | 2010-04-28 11:23 | SIM音読用英文

No.338 SIM音読用英文

Visiting Washington This Summer?

It's Spring -

prime tourist season

in the Washington, D.C., area.

But sweltering summer weather will soon arrive

along the Potomac River,

and America's most famous farmhouse is ready.

Mount Vernon,

the home of George Washington, the nation's first president,

is air-conditioned.

What's so special about that?

The owners of historic properties struggle

with a basic question.

Should we preserve our treasure

as close as possible to its condition

when famous people lived or worked here?

After all, we do things like scraping through layers of paint

just to find and restore authentic colors

from a century or two ago.

Or should we bend our preservationist principles

and make the place comfortable

for visitors and staff?

The Mount Vernon Ladies' Association -

the nation's first preservationist organization

that once saved Washington's estate

from ruin after the U.S. Civil War -

struggled mightily with this dilemma.

For years many members opposed

any climate-control measures,

noting that George and Martha Washington

certainly never flipped on an air-conditioning switch.

They also worried

that the installation of a/c would damage

plaster and wallpaper and wood.

When the Mount Vernon Ladies decided

to go ahead and put in the cooling system

a few years ago,

two key staff members resigned in protest.

One called the move unethical.

But renovation forces won out.

Air conditioning would help preserve

valuable furniture and musical instruments

that heat and humidity were degrading,

they argued.

And contractors convinced them

that vents and ducts and such would be barely noticeable.

So even though Mount Vernon is 211 years old,

it's cool.


I’m Ted Landphair.
by danueno | 2010-04-21 15:17 | SIM音読用英文

No.337 SIM音読用英文

High Costs Drive Americans Overseas for Medical Help

John Freeman took a gamble

a few years ago.

The 62-year-old retired computer analyst

dropped his health care insurance,

because the high monthly premiums and a huge deductible

were eating up his retirement savings.

He hoped he would not need major medical care

until he turned 65 and qualified

for the government's Medicare insurance program.

But last year, he had a heart attack.

He was told

surgery in his hometown of Reno, Nevada,

would cost close to $120,000.

Freeman felt he had two choices:

use up all his savings or die.

"I thought that the American medical system was gonna take away
my life savings

and essentially ruin any prospects I had

for a pleasant retirement

after the operation."

So he did

what hundreds of thousands of Americans do each year:

go abroad for the surgery.

After some research, Freeman decided

to have his operation done

at the Anadolu Medical Center

in a suburb of Istanbul, Turkey.

The price?

Just 15 percent

of what it would cost in Reno:

$18,000, all-inclusive, except for airfare.

Acknowledging that medical tourism is a growing industry

because of lower medical costs overseas,

both the American Medical Association and the American College
of Surgeons

issued statements

that encourage patients

to seek out the treatment

that best suits their needs.

However, both organizations also warn patients

to make sure they choose certified doctors and surgeons

at health care institutions

that have met high standards of accreditation.

John Freeman took that advice seriously

when he researched Anadolu Medical Center.

"When I first looked at the website,

there's a logo that says

'Affiliated with Johns Hopkins University'

and I think that really helped my comfort zone,

so to speak for this,

because I knew there was an affiliation

with a well-known American hospital."

Medical industry observers expect

an exponential increase in medical travelers,

as continuing costly health care at home

drives more Americans

to seek services overseas

from the growing medical tourism industry.

For VOA News, I’m Jan Sluizer in San Francisco.
by danueno | 2010-04-15 10:01 | SIM音読用英文

No.336 SIM音読用英文

Transit Systems Worldwide Boost Security After Moscow Bombings

It is a commuters' worst nightmare,

a normal day turned upside down

by an explosion.

But some global security experts say

the Moscow bombings represent a kind of terrorism

that is here to stay.

Michael O'Hanlon of the Brookings Institution.

"This kind of violence cannot be permanently stopped,

and that we may be living with this

for much of the rest of our lifetimes."

In the wake of the bombings,

cities in the United States and Europe boosted security

in and around their mass transit systems.

But the heightened security will only last

a short time.

O'Hanlon says there should be more permanent changes

in mass transit security.

"I do believe we probably should step up

the relatively unobtrusive and relatively easy, although sometimes
somewhat expensive, means

of looking for explosives

perhaps many more K-9 bomb teams

at these kinds of places.

And we should continue to put a lot of resources

into intelligence work."

While terrorism is a constant threat,

local and federal emergency responders in the U.S.

regularly conduct drills, like this one,

to prepare for disaster.

In this drill, police and fire fighters in Washington are rushing

to treat the survivors

of a bomb explosion

inside a bus.

The goal of these exercises is to practice,

so when a real emergency hits

these crews will be prepared.

From the tragedy in Moscow's subway,

to the 2004 Madrid train bombings

and the explosions in London's public transit system the following

experts say no country is immune to terrorism.

"Today, the goal of modern apocalyptic terrorism

is often to do as much disruption as possible

and kill as many as possible

in order to really shake up the way

in which societies operate

and governments make decisions

and make the pain so high

that decisions are reassessed."

O'Hanlon says even though the aim of modern day terrorists

is to force a change in policy,

so far the tactics do not work.

"What I think some of these terrorist groups may have underestimated

is that we in the west or in Russia, in this case, are perhaps
not quite as soft

as they might have first believed."

O'Hanlon says since the September 11 attacks,

Western societies have not tolerated terrorism.

And cities across the United States will continue to prepare
for the worst,

in exercises like this one,

so if another attack occurs,

they will be ready for it.

Elizabeth Lee, VOA News
by danueno | 2010-04-07 14:57 | SIM音読用英文

No.335 SIM音読用英文

Ancient Japanese Art of Origami Thriving in San Francisco
Remember how much fun it was

to play with paper planes

as a kid?

Most people give up those kinds of hobbies

once they grow up,

but not Robert Lang.

"The biggest thing was just like this paper airplane,

it was a way you could make something

with found materials, cheap paper,

scraps, even trash."

Lang lives in the San Francisco bay area.

He is a laser physicist

and graduate of the California Institute of Technology,

and has nearly 50 U.S. patents to his name.

Eight years ago he gave up his job

to pursue origami,

making him one of the few professional origami artists

in the country.

He never stops creating,

even during lunchtime.

"I'll give it to the waitress.

That'll be part of the tip."

"So, this is for you!"

"Thank you very much.

This is really neat.

I love it!"

But Lang can turn bills

into lots of other things

besides butterflies.

Using his understanding of complex geometric forms,

Lang has played an important role

in origami's evolution.

Many of these models were unheard of

just 10 or so years ago.

Lang's works have been displayed

in the Lindsay Wildlife Museum

near San Francisco for years.

Loren Behr is executive director of the museum.

"It's kind of hard to believe sometimes

when I look at his work

to realize that one sheet of paper goes into each of these animals

with all of these complexities,

all the amazing number of folds.

I can't imagine

that he can actually do that."

Many countries around the world have origami traditions.

But it has played a particularly important role

in Japanese culture.

San Francisco's Japan town is home

to some origami masters,

including Linda Tomoko Mihara.

Linda is a third-generation Japanese-American.

She is famous for her origami cranes,

which once played an important role

in Japanese culture.

"It was tradition for the bride

to fold 1,000 cranes

to wish for a long, prosperous marriage,

and also to demonstrate, um…I guess, her patience."

She and Lang have worked together.

They once created all the origami models

for a 3D animated commercial.

The great response that the commercial got has further spurred

the two artist's passion to create.

They are now hoping

to one day do the first-ever origami movie.

For producer Suli Yi in San Francisco, Ruth Reader, VOA News
by danueno | 2010-03-31 15:50 | SIM音読用英文