<   2007年 02月 ( 12 )   > この月の画像一覧

No.183 オリジナル英文

--------------------------------------
Scorsese, ‘The Departed’, Earn Key Oscars 
--------------------------------------

Martin Scorsese was named best director for The Departed, a crime thriller set in Boston.The Departed also earned the key Oscar for best picture, and awards for its adapted screenplay and film editing.

Scorsese was a six-time directing nominee, but this was his first Oscar.He was favored to win this year, but seemed surprised.

"Thank you. Please, please. Thank you, thank you.Could, could you double check the envelope?"

Helen Mirren was named best actress for her role as Britain's Queen Elizabeth in The Queen.The film looks at the royal family after the death of Princess Diana.

Accepting the award, Mirren paid tribute to the woman she emulated.

"And I salute her courage and her consistency, and I thank her because if it wasn't for her, I most certainly would not be here. Ladies and gentlemen, I give you the Queen!"

Forest Whitaker was named best actor for his role as Idi Amin, the former Ugandan dictator, in The Last King of Scotland.

The actor said he has come a long way since his youth in rural Texas and inner-city Los Angeles.

"It is possible for a kid from East Texas raised in South-Central L.A. and Carson
who believes in his dreams, commits himself to them with his heart, to touch them and to have them happen."

Jennifer Hudson was named best supporting actress for her role as a rhythm and blues singer in the musical Dreamgirls. The Chicago native found fame on the talent show American Idol.Like Whitaker, Hudson is an African American, and said she had opportunities denied to her grandmother, who was her inspiration.

"She was a singer and she had the passion for it, but she never had the chance.And that was the thing that pushed me forward to continue."

Alan Arkin received the Oscar for best supporting actor for the comedy Little Miss Sunshine.The film also won an award for its original screenplay.

The documentary An Inconvenient Truth earned an Oscar for its producers.The film features former U.S. Vice President Al Gore and focuses on his crusade against global warming.Gore said the issue of climate warming is a moral, not a political, issue.

"People all over the world, we need to solve the climate crisis.It is not a political issue, it is a moral issue.We have everything we need to get started, with the possible exception of the will to act.That is a renewable resource.Let's renew it."

Pan's Labyrinth, a fantasy from Mexico won three Oscars, for its art direction, makeup and cinematography. But the Oscar for best foreign-language picture went to a German film called The Lives of Others.

Mike O’Sullivan, VOA News, Los Angeles.
[PR]
by danueno | 2007-02-28 17:17 | オリジナル英文

No.183 SIM音読用英文

━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━
Scorsese, ‘The Departed’, Earn Key Oscars
━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━

Martin Scorsese was named best director    

for The Departed, a crime thriller set in Boston.

The Departed also earned the key Oscar

for best picture, and awards for its adapted screenplay and film
editing.
  
Scorsese was a six-time directing nominee,

but this was his first Oscar.

He was favored to win this year,
   
but seemed surprised.

"Thank you. Please, please. Thank you, thank you.

Could, could you double check the envelope?"

Helen Mirren was named best actress

for her role as Britain's Queen Elizabeth in The Queen.

The film looks at the royal family

after the death of Princess Diana.

Accepting the award, Mirren paid tribute    
   
to the woman she emulated.

"And I salute her courage and her consistency,

and I thank her
   
because if it wasn't for her,

I most certainly would not be here.

Ladies and gentlemen, I give you the Queen!"

Forest Whitaker was named best actor

for his role as Idi Amin, the former Ugandan dictator,

in The Last King of Scotland.

The actor said he has come a long way

since his youth in rural Texas and inner-city Los Angeles.

"It is possible for a kid

from East Texas raised in South-Central L.A. and Carson

who believes in his dreams, commits himself to them with his heart,

to touch them and to have them happen."

Jennifer Hudson was named best supporting actress

for her role as a rhythm and blues singer in the musical Dreamgirls.

The Chicago native found fame

on the talent show American Idol.
    
Like Whitaker, Hudson is an African American, and said

she had opportunities

denied to her grandmother,

who was her inspiration.

"She was a singer and she had the passion for it,

but she never had the chance.

And that was the thing

that pushed me forward to continue."

Alan Arkin received the Oscar for best supporting actor

for the comedy Little Miss Sunshine.

The film also won an award

for its original screenplay.

The documentary An Inconvenient Truth earned an Oscar

for its producers.

The film features former U.S. Vice President Al Gore and focuses

on his crusade against global warming.

Gore said the issue of climate warming is a moral, not a political,
issue.

"People all over the world, we need to solve

the climate crisis.

It is not a political issue,

it is a moral issue.

We have everything we need

to get started,

with the possible exception

of the will to act. 
   
That is a renewable resource.

Let's renew it."

Pan's Labyrinth, a fantasy from Mexico won three Oscars,

for its art direction, makeup and cinematography.
 
But the Oscar for best foreign-language picture went to a German film

called The Lives of Others.

Mike O’Sullivan, VOA News, Los Angeles.
(Material is provided courtesy of voanews.com.)
[PR]
by danueno | 2007-02-28 17:15 | SIM音読用英文

ブラックベリー中毒

━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━

今日のトピックに出てくる「ブラックベリー」とは、お読みになったとおり、

通信機能を内蔵した携帯情報端末のことです。

日本ではまだあまり見かけませんが、アメリカではエリートビジネスマンの

必需品だそうです。


画像で見る限り、ちっこいキーボードがびっしり並んでおり、日本の携帯の

ボタン操作に慣れた私たちから見ると、ちょっと使いにくそうです。

でもこれが、かの地では爆発的な人気で、「ブラックベリー中毒」という

言葉さえ生んでいるとのこと…。う~ん。



ところで私が今日のトピックで非常に驚いた点は、「インターネットで会社と

自宅を結んで、出社しなくても仕事ができるという環境が、必ずしも快適では

なかった」ということです。


毎朝起きて満員電車に揺られながら出社する身としては、「自宅で子供の相手

をしながら仕事ができるなんて、何て素晴らしい!」と思ったものでした。


しかし実際は、家族が疎外感を感じたり、仕事中毒から抜け出せないなど、

計り知れない悪影響があるということで、これは本当に意外なことでした。



でも確かにそうだろうなー。

私たちサラリーマンは、仕事場と自宅のふたつの環境を、「通勤」と「勤務

時間」というもので、はっきりと区分けしているからこそ幸せなのです。


「安らぎの自宅にまで会社が入り込んでくる事のおぞましさ」、これこそ、

「ブラックベリー中毒」の本質なのかもしれません。
[PR]
by danueno | 2007-02-22 11:14 | 編集後記

SIM方式の英文法 その40

● SIM同時通訳方式によるリスニング学習 ●

          ~ Jumpの学習法 ~


父ダン上野が開発した「スーパーエルマー」の開発秘話。

今日は、いよいよ Hop,Skip&Jumpの最後の段階「Jumpの学習法」になります。


Jumpとは「元の英文」ですが、SIM同時通訳方式を身につけていく過程では

やはり特別な学習法があります。


  …では、お楽しみください。(↓)



----------------------------------------------------------------------


スーパーエルマーの Hop学習と Skip学習は極めて奥の深い学習法であり、

それゆえHopとSkipがスーパーエルマー学習の中核になることはすでに述べた。


少し、復習してみよう。




1.Hop学習の意義
  -------------

Hopは、「日本語の触媒効果」により、英語の意味を日本人にすんなりと理解

させる上で素晴らしい効果を発揮する。

「日本人だから日本語を積極的に利用して英語を学習しよう」、これが Hop

学習の基本的な理念である。

この段階では、センスグループごとに句切られた英語の後に日本語のSIM訳

がある。

ここでは、しっかりと英語の意味を「英語の語順」でとっていく訓練をする。


この段階はスーパーエルマーのHop,Skip&Jumpの中でも、最も大切な学習だ。

よくここをおろそかにする受講生がいるが、これではSIM同時通訳方式本来

の効果は、ほとんど出ないと言っても良い。

それほど、大切なのが Hop学習だ。



2.Skip学習の意義
  --------------

ところが、ある段階になると Hopを卒業しなければならない。

そこで Skip学習に移行する。

今まで Hopによって、日本語の助けを借りて意味を理解する訓練を積み重ね

てきたわけだが、今度はより積極的に、日本語なしで英語の意味をとっていく

段階に入る。

ここでは、英語の後にある無音のポーズで、その意味をイメージする訓練を

する。

英語のセンスグループを聴いて、その意味が反射的にパッとイメージできる

ようになるまで、何度も聴くことが大切だ。




いかがだろうか。

これが Hopと Skipだ。

この2つの段階は非常に綿密に時間をかけて訓練がなされなければならない。

HopとSkipがスーパーエルマー学習の大部分を占めると言って良いだろう。


そこで Jumpである。

Jumpは元の英文そのままであるが、そもそもなぜJumpが存在するのだろうか。

そのことを説明する前に、この段階は最も気を付けなければならない、という

ことに心を留めていただきたい。

なぜなら、このJumpの段階では下手をすると、「返り読み」に戻ってしまう

危険性があるからだ。



スーパーエルマーを学習する以前は、英語を「返り読み」で理解していたかも

しれない。

しかし、Hop,Skipで訓練を積み、「英語の思考法」が根付いてきているJumpの

段階では、同じ元の英語を聴くにもそれなりの方法がある。

それはひとことで言えば、「センスグループを意識しながらJumpを聴く」とい

うことだ。


ネイティブは皆そうしているのだが、センスグループごとに句切られていない

長い英文を聴く時も、無意識のうちにセンスグループを感じながら、その

センスグループごとに理解しながら聴いている。

全文を聴いた後で、記憶をたどって「返り読み」しながら理解しているのでは

もちろんないのだ。


だからスーパーエルマー受講生も、このJumpでセンスグループを意識して聴く

必要性があることは言うまでもない。

さもなくば、容易に「返り読み」に戻ってしまう危険性がある。


                             (続く)
----------------------------------------------------------------------

 この続きは、また次回のお楽しみ … (^o^)/
[PR]
by danueno | 2007-02-21 16:15 | SIMうんちく

No.182 オリジナル英文

----------------------------------------
Handheld Communication Gadgets Can Be Addictive
----------------------------------------
Sushil Bansal, a father of two, runs a company in Washington, DC. Thanks to technology, he can take care of much of his business while spending time with his daughters Antara and Saranga. The broadband service on his smart phone keeps him connected with his office and that is how he is able to manage most of his work with the help of his laptop. "These gadgets help me stay connected with my business even though I am outside the office.”

These gadgets are useful for Bansal in juggling his work and family time, but daughter Antara does not like sharing her dad with his gadgets. "Bad and left out."

Her reaction is not unusual. A study by Rutgers University in New Jersey finds that as technology makes work more accessible, the Blackberry and other gadgets are fueling a rise in e-mail and Internet addiction that is in some cases as difficult to kick as a drug habit.

Roger Rubin, Professor of Family Studies at the University of Maryland, says excessive use of these devices can negatively affect your family life. "The price that children pay, essentially, is emotional neglect and sometimes even physical neglect because nobody is there to embrace you, to wipe away your tears when you are crying because they are busy on a computer, they are busy with their Blackberry, they are busy and totally consumed with their career or work."

Jeff Buhl and Heather Acord both like to stay on top of technology and say their Blackberries are essential. Buhl admits that he has been caught e-mailing at inappropriate times. "I am sure you have been to the family function when it stopped being fun, and so that might be inappropriate time to maybe check your e-mail or to respond to that message that you got yesterday. Yes, I'll do that."

Rubin says that using your Blackberry at the dinner table, during vacations and when spending time with children are alarming signs. Like any addiction, experts believe the user has a choice: access to the office 24 hours a day, or spending quality time with your family.

Jim Bertel, VOA News.
[PR]
by danueno | 2007-02-21 15:57 | オリジナル英文

No.182 SIM音読用英文

━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━
Handheld Communication Gadgets Can Be Addictive
━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━━

Sushil Bansal, a father of two, runs a company

in Washington, DC.

Thanks to technology, he can take care of much of his business

while spending time with his daughters Antara and Saranga.

The broadband service on his smart phone keeps him connected

with his office

and that is how he is able to manage most of his work

with the help of his laptop.

"These gadgets help me stay connected

with my business

even though I am outside the office.”

These gadgets are useful for Bansal

in juggling his work and family time,

but daughter Antara does not like

sharing her dad with his gadgets.

"Bad and left out."

Her reaction is not unusual.

A study by Rutgers University in New Jersey finds

that as technology makes work more accessible,

the Blackberry and other gadgets are fueling a rise

in e-mail and Internet addiction

that is in some cases as difficult to kick

as a drug habit.

Roger Rubin, Professor of Family Studies at the University of
Maryland, says

excessive use of these devices can negatively affect your family
life.

"The price that children pay, essentially, is emotional neglect

and sometimes even physical neglect

because nobody is there to embrace you,

to wipe away your tears when you are crying

because they are busy on a computer, they are busy with their Blackberry,

they are busy and totally consumed

with their career or work."

Jeff Buhl and Heather Accord both like to stay on top of technology

and say their Blackberries are essential.

Buhl admits that he has been caught

e-mailing at inappropriate times.

"I'm sure you've been to the family function

when it stopped being fun,

and so that might be inappropriate time

to maybe check your e-mail or to respond to that message

that you got yesterday.

Yeah, I'll do that."

Rubin says that using your Blackberry

at the dinner table, during vacations and when spending time with children

are alarming signs.

Like any addiction, experts believe the user has a choice:
 
access to the office 24 hours a day, or spending quality time with
your family.

Jim Bertel, VOA News.
(Material is provided courtesy of voanews.com.)
[PR]
by danueno | 2007-02-21 15:55 | SIM音読用英文

人を裁く資格

今、話題になっているもののひとつに「裁判員制度」があります。

これは私たちの身近に起こりうる、極めて現実的な問題です。

一生涯で67人に1人は、裁判員を体験するのだそうです!


ある日突然、あなたに1枚の「呼び出し状」が届きます。

そこには、「裁判員に選ばれたので○月○日に出廷しなさい」という事が

書いてあります。

裁判員に選ばれたら、よほどの理由がない限り辞退することができません。

「仕事が忙しい」とか「その気になれない」ではダメなのです。

あなたがどう感じようと、裁判が終わるまで裁判員として裁判に拘束される

日が続きます。 …これが裁判員制度です。 


私は最近この制度について詳しく知ることになったので、あまり的確な判断で

はないかもしれませんが、ちょっと問題があるのではないだろうか? という

のが正直な感想です。

内閣府の世論調査でも、やはり8割近くの人が参加に消極的とか…。

その理由として「仕事への支障」や「養育、介護への支障」があり、それ以外

にも「被告の運命が決まり、責任が重い」「冷静に判断できるか自信がない」

という声が目立ったそうです。 …そうだろうなー、と私も思います。


そもそも、人間に人間を裁く資格があるのでしょうか?

まあ、司法機関や警察機関がないと、私たちの暮らしにも悪影響が出るので、

私も「専門家」の存在を認めるのにやぶさかではありません。

しかし、どうして今、そこに「素人」の私たちが参加しなければならないのか

と感じてしまうのです。

殺人や強盗は罪であり、断罪すべきであることは確かですが、私たちの心中に

「憎しみ」や「欲しがる思い」がみじんもない、と言えるでしょうか。

少なくとも私には、人を裁くことに非常な抵抗があります。


 …皆さんは、どのように感じられるでしょうか?
[PR]
by danueno | 2007-02-15 18:23 | 編集後記

SIM方式の英文法 その39

● SIM同時通訳方式によるリスニング学習 ●

          ~ Skipの意義 ~


前回は、『多聴リスニング特効薬』の特集号でしたが、今回は、父ダン上野が

開発した「スーパーエルマー」の開発秘話に戻ります。

今日はその5回目です。


この前の回までは、「Hopの誕生」について載せましたが、今回は「Skipの

意義」です。


  …では、お楽しみください。(↓)



----------------------------------------------------------------------


Hopは、「日本語の触媒効果」により、英語の意味を日本人にすんなりと理解

させる上で素晴らしい効果を発揮する。

「日本人だから日本語を積極的に利用して英語を学習しよう」、これが Hop

の基本的な理念である。


ところが、ある段階になると Hopを卒業しなければならない。

学習の最初の段階では、日本語の助けを借りるにしても、いつまでも Hopの

日本語に頼ることは学習の妨げになってしまう可能性がある、ということだ。



その点をクリアするために Skipが発案された。

Skipの考え方は単純明快で、Hopの日本語の部分を空白にして、そこを無音の

ポーズにしたものだ。

陸上競技の三段跳びは「Hop,Step,Jump」だが、この場合は英語の音声を

センスグループごとにスキップするので「Skip」と名付けた。



学習者は、SKipのポーズでいろいろなことが可能になる。

標準的な使い方としては、英語の後にあるポーズを利用して、直前の英語の

意味をイメージする、という学習法だ。


今まで Hopによって、日本語の助けを借りて意味を理解する訓練を積み重ね

てきたわけだが、今度はより積極的に、日本語なしで英語の意味をとっていく

段階に入るわけだ。


この場合もちろん、センスグループごとに句切って「英語の語順」で意味を

考えることに大きな意義がある。

Hop学習の後、いきなり元の英語を聴くという方法も考えられるが、それでは

元の木阿弥で「返り読み」に戻ってしまう恐れがある。


だから「英語の語順」で英語の意味をとっていく Skipの段階を設けることは

「英語の思考法」をしっかりと定着させ、順調に育てて行く上で、必要不可欠

なものなのだ。



ところで、直前の英語の意味をとる場合に、Hopの日本語訳と全く同じである

必要はない。

それどころか、それは「日本語」である必要すらない。


英語の上級者になればなるほど、英語を聴いてそれをいちいち頭の中で、

日本語に変換しながら理解しているわけではない。


この辺はいわく言い難い、それぞれの理解法が存在するわけで、厳密に定義

できるような性質のものではないが、ただ、学習者がいずれ「日本語の支配」

から離れなければならない、ということは確かなことだろう。


だから、Skipでは「イメージする」という言葉を使う。

とにかく直前の英語の意味を「自分なりのイメージで把握する」ということ、

それが Skip学習で最も大切なことだ。


英語のセンスグループを聴いて、その意味が反射的にパッとイメージできる

ようにうなったらしめたものだ。



Skipは、今言ったような利用法以外にも「リピーティング」という使い方も

ある。

直前の英語の意味をイメージしながら、同じ英語を口に出して言うことで、

スピーキング力が非常に訓練される。

このように Skipも Hopと同様に極めて奥の深い学習法であり、ゆえにHopと

Skipがスーパーエルマー学習の中核になろう。


                             (続く)
----------------------------------------------------------------------


…いかがですか? 父、ダン上野の手記。

Skipも英語学習のカギを握る大変重要な学習法なのですね。

これをお読みになった方は「目からウロコ」なのではないでしょうか。


では、この続きは、また次回のお楽しみ … (^o^)/
[PR]
by danueno | 2007-02-14 15:55 | SIMうんちく

No.181 オリジナル英文

----------------------------------------
US Automakers Face Financial Losses But Hope for a Brighter Future
----------------------------------------

Last year, Ford posted the biggest annual loss in the company's history, $12.7 billion.
GM has fared slightly better. The world's largest automaker has lost billions over the past two years but expects a small profit in the last quarter of 2006.

To hear GM's Rick Wagoner and Ford's Alan Mulally talk about it, the future looks bright.

"You'll see some cars that I think will knock your socks off."

"Ford is an American icon. It's a wonderful brand."

But a brand that’s losing money. U.S. automakers lost eight percent of the U.S. market in 2006, while Asian and European manufacturers gained five percent and three percent, respectively.

Compounding the problem is the rising cost of health care.

Last year, American automakers spent $12 billion on medical benefits, almost 10 times as much as foreign manufacturers' health-care costs.

The result? U.S. automakers are closing plants and laying off workers while foreign carmakers are building new plants and hiring more workers.

To compete, Mulally says, Ford has to downsize and make a profit while producing fewer cars. "The consumers have moved to lower, to smaller SUVs and cars. And so we need to shift with that and create cars now that are more efficient, that customers really want and value."

The challenge is convincing a new generation of consumers that American cars are more reliable and provide better value. Automotive analyst John Casesa says Detroit's Big Three have to move quickly, because time is running out.

"Everything is at stake for Detroit right now. This is the last chance to get it right. Detroit has lost an entire generation of car buyers, and it will probably take another generation to win these customers back."

Auto experts say Toyota, which sold more than 9 million cars last year, could overtake GM as the world's largest carmaker by the end of this year.

But Rick Wagoner says that remains to be seen. "I mean, there is a lot of people who are predicting the outcome, but that is why we play the game: to see who wins at the end. And we are going to be fighting for every sale, right to the last part of the year. And if we win, great. If we don't, we’ll come back the next day and try harder."

Wagoner says GM is banking on design and the latest fuel-saving technologies to sell more cars here in the U.S., in Europe and in China.

Jim Bertel, VOA News.
[PR]
by danueno | 2007-02-14 11:26 | オリジナル英文

No.181 SIM音読用英文

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US Automakers Face Financial Losses But Hope for a Brighter Future
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Last year, Ford posted the biggest annual loss

in the company's history,

$12.7 billion.

GM has fared slightly better.

The world's largest automaker has lost billions

over the past two years

but expects a small profit

in the last quarter of 2006.

To hear GM's Rick Wagoner and Ford's Alan Mulally talk about it,

the future looks bright.

"You'll see some cars

that I think will knock your socks off."

"Ford is an American icon.

It's a wonderful brand."

But a brand that’s losing money.

U.S. automakers lost

eight percent of the U.S. market in 2006,

while Asian and European manufacturers gained

five percent and three percent, respectively.

Compounding the problem is the rising cost of health care.

Last year, American automakers spent $12 billion

on medical benefits,

almost 10 times as much

as foreign manufacturers' health-care costs.

The result?

U.S. automakers are closing plants and laying off workers

while foreign carmakers are building new plants and hiring more
workers.

To compete, Mulally says, Ford has to downsize and make a profit

while producing fewer cars.

"The consumers have moved to lower, to smaller SUVs and cars.

And so we need to shift with that and create cars now

that are more efficient,

that customers really want and value."

The challenge is convincing a new generation of consumers

that American cars are more reliable and provide better value.

Automotive analyst John Casesa says

Detroit's Big Three have to move quickly,

because time is running out.

"Everything is at stake

for Detroit right now.

This is the last chance

to get it right.

Detroit has lost an entire generation of car buyers,

and it will probably take another generation

to win these customers back."

Auto experts say Toyota,

which sold more than 9 million cars last year,

could overtake GM

as the world's largest carmaker

by the end of this year.

But Rick Wagoner says that remains to be seen.

"I mean, there is a lot of people

who are predicting the outcome,

but that is why we play the game:

to see who wins at the end.

And we are going to be fighting

for every sale,

right to the last part of the year.

And if we win, great.

If we don't,

we’ll come back the next day and try harder."

Wagoner says GM is banking on design and the latest fuel-saving
technologies

to sell more cars

here in the U.S., in Europe and in China.

Jim Bertel, VOA News.
(Material is provided courtesy of voanews.com.)
[PR]
by danueno | 2007-02-14 11:24 | SIM音読用英文